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ECNP Congress 2017

Published in Events décembre 23 2016 0 Tagged under

The annual ECNP Congress is Europe’s premier scientific meeting for disease-oriented brain research, annually attracting between 4,000 and 6,000 neuroscientists, psychiatrists, neurologists and psychologists from around the world. 

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A pilot study from a group of Dutch scientists implies that being told that an image is an artwork automatically changes our response, both on a neural and behavioural level. This may mean that our brains automatically up or down-regulate emotional response according to the whether they think something should be understood at face value, or whether it should be interpreted as art. This tends to lends support to an over 200 year old theory of art, first put forward by the philosopher Immanuel Kant in his Critique of Judgement. 

Most people understand that we will show a different conscious emotional response to a work of fiction or art, than we will to an equivalent real-life image. Now a team from Erasmus University in Rotterdam has tested how the unconscious brain responds to art and other types of images. 
In two related experiments, twenty-four student volunteers were asked to evaluate a series of picture while brain activity was measured via an EEG. Half of the pictures were pleasant and the other half unpleasant. They were either told that the pictures were works of art or photographs of real events. At the end of the trial they were asked to rate each image according to likeability and, attractiveness. 

The researchers concentrated on a brain signal called the LPP (Late Positive Potential), which is a measurement of the level of electromagnetic activity of the cortex between 0.6 and 0.9 seconds after the appearance of a stimulus. They were able to show that the amplitude of this stimulus was much greater when participants had been told that the picture was real, as against when they were told it was a work of art. When questioned, works of art were also rated as being more likable than were real pictures. 

“This work suggests that when we expect to be dealing with an artwork, our brain responds differently than when we expect to be dealing with reality” said lead researcher Noah van Dongen (Erasmus University, Rotterdam). “When we think we are not dealing with reality, our emotional response appears to be subdued on a neural level. This may be because of a tendency to ‘distance’ ourselves from the image, to be able to appreciate or scrutinize its shapes, colours, and composition instead of just its content. We know that our brains may have evolved with ‘hard-wired’ mechanisms that allow us to adjust our response to objects depending on the situation. What this work indicates, is that Kant’s two century old theory of aesthetics*, where he proposed that we need to emotionally distance ourselves from the artwork in order to be able to properly appreciate it, might have a neurological basis and that art could useful in our quest to understand our brain, emotions, and maybe our cognition.” 
In a second experiment, the research group added a third condition. Again, twenty-four student volunteers judged pleasant and unpleasant pictures, only this time they were presented as pictures of real events, works of art, and scenes from movies or documentaries. The neurological effect on emotional response vanished with the added third condition. 

Noah van Dongen said “The results of this modified experiment indicate that the effect of context is more complex than it might seem. It might be that too much or too ambiguous information reduces  the neurological effect. We are just beginning to understand our automatic emotion regulation and more research is necessary to bring its nuances to light.” 

(* Kant set out this theory in Critique of Judgement, published in 1790)

SOURCE

 


Oxytocin has been dubbed the “love hormone” for its role promoting social bonding, altruism and more. Now new research from Duke University suggests the hormone may also support spirituality.

In the study, men reported a greater sense of spirituality shortly after taking oxytocin and a week later. Participants who took oxytocin also experienced more positive emotions during meditation, said lead author Patty Van Cappellen, a social psychologist at Duke.

“Spirituality and meditation have each been linked to health and well-being in previous research,” Van Cappellen said. “We were interested in understanding biological factors that may enhance those spiritual experiences.

“Oxytocin appears to be part of the way our bodies support spiritual beliefs.”

Study participants were all male, and the findings apply only to men, said Van Cappellen, associate director of the Interdisciplinary and Behavioral Research Center at Duke’s Social Science Research Institute. In general, oxytocin operates somewhat differently in men and women, Van Cappellen added. Oxytocin’s effects on women’s spirituality still needs to be investigated.

The results appears online in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.

Oxytocin occurs naturally in the body. Produced by the hypothalamus, it acts as a hormone and as a neurotransmitter, affecting many regions of the brain. It is stimulated during sex, childbirth and breastfeeding. Recent research has highlighted oxytocin’s possible role in promoting empathy, trust, social bonding and altruism. 

To test how oxytocin might influence spirituality, researchers administered the hormone to one group and a placebo to another. Those who received oxytocin were more likely to say afterwards that spirituality was important in their lives and that life has meaning and purpose. This was true after taking into account whether the participant reported belonging to an organized religion or not.

Participants who received oxytocin were also more inclined to view themselves as interconnected with other people and living things, giving higher ratings to statements such as “All life is interconnected” and “There is a higher plane of consciousness or spirituality that binds all people.”

Study subjects also participated in a guided meditation. Those who received oxytocin reported experiencing more positive emotions during meditation, including awe, gratitude, hope, inspiration, interest, love and serenity.

Oxytocin did not affect all participants equally, though. Its effect on spirituality was stronger among people with a particular variant of the CD38 gene, a gene that regulates the release of oxytocin from hypothalamic neurons in the brain.

Van Cappellen cautioned that the findings should not be over-generalized. First of all, there are many definitions of spirituality, she noted.

“Spirituality is complex and affected by many factors,” Van Cappellen said. “However, oxytocin does seem to affect how we perceive the world and what we believe.” 

Source


**The announcement and nomination period for U.S.-Based Applicants has opened. The nomination period for International Applicants has closed.

The NAGTRI International Fellows Program will take place from June 2-10, 2017. This is an eight day scholarship program, provided free of cost to selected participants. All travel, lodging, and per diem will be funded through generous grants from the NAAG Mission Foundation and other funding sources. If you or anyone in your office has any questions, please do not hesitate to contact Elizabeth Tyler at Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser." style="color:rgb(23, 102, 169);text-decoration:none;transition:color 0.2s">Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser..

Each year, the NAGTRI International Fellows Program provides a forum for elite government attorneys from around the world to learn from each other, explore common issues, and establish an international network for the mutual benefit of their respective offices. Approximately 18-20 participants will be chosen for the 2016 program, which will include a combination of government leaders from the United States and abroad. Past programs have included participants from Afghanistan, Armenia, Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, El Salvador, Hungary, Iraq, Israel, Jamaica, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Russia, Sri Lanka, Somalia, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor Leste, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and United States, among others. 

This is a challenging and demanding program, requiring full engagement in the materials, lectures, and participating fully in a group research and writing project. Selected participants will present their research findings before a prestigious panel in New York City. The 2017 program theme will be “Prosecutorial Strategies and Tools to Combat the Illegal Trade of Persons and Goods.” Fellows are not expected to be experts in this area or have experience with the issue in the course of their professional duties. Rather, the topic serves as a vehicle for the class to analyze an issue with fresh and unique perspectives. Fellows will work in groups to produce articles on this theme, which will be published in a NAGTRI publication.Fellows will also be given the opportunity to meet with senior officials from the federal law enforcement and judicial community in Washington, D.C., as well as state law enforcement officials from the area. Additionally, Fellows will participate in a host of cultural activities in Washington, D.C., and New York City. 

June 02, 2017 - June 10, 2017
Washington, DC and New York, NY

NAGTRI International Fellows Program 2017


The Newton International Fellowship scheme will select the very best early stage post-doctoral researchers from all over the world, and offer support for two years at UK research institutions.

The long-term aim of the scheme is to build a global pool of research leaders and encourage long-term international collaboration with the UK.

The Newton International Fellowships scheme is run by The British Academy and the Royal Society.

The Fellowships cover the broad range of physical, natural and social sciences and the humanities.

They provide grants of £24,000 per annum to cover subsistence and up to £8,000 per annum to cover research expenses, plus a one-off relocation allowance of up to £2,000.

In addition, Newton Fellows may be eligible for follow-up funding of up to £6,000 per annum for up to 10 years following the completion of the Fellowship.

The Newton International Fellowships Scheme covers researchers in the following disciplines: physical sciences, natural sciences, social sciences, and the humanities. The scheme also covers clinical and patient orientated research, for applicants from China and India during the current round.

The 2016 round of the Newton International Fellowship scheme is now closed. Final results will be announced in August 2016.

The 2017 round is likely to open in January 2017.  An updated version of the scheme notes will be available on this website at that time.

Applications


Upon the concept of the founder of the Matsumae International Foundation (MIF), “Towards A Greater Understanding of Japan and a Lasting World Peace”, MIF has started the Research Fellowship Program in 1980.

“2018 Research Fellowship Program” has been released. The deadline of application is August 31st, 2017.

Eligibility Requirements:
Applicants of non-Japanese nationality; a Doctorate degree; must be 49 years old or under;  not have been in Japan previously; have firm positions and professions in their home nations; etc.
Host Institution In Japan:
Applicants are free to select host institutions (university research laboratories, national research institutions or the corresponding facilities of private industry)
Fellowship Details:
Stipend for research and stay, Insurance, Air transportation (a round-trip air ticket to/from Tokyo) and Lump sum on arrival
Period & Number of Fellowships:
For a period of from three to six months; the number of fellowships is about 20 persons each year.

For details, please download the following PDF file of “Fellowship Announcement.


In academic publishingpredatory open access publishing is an exploitative open-access publishing business model that involves charging publication fees to authors without providing the editorial and publishing services associated with legitimate journals (open access or not). "Beall's List", a regularly updated report by Jeffrey Beall, sets forth criteria for categorizing predatory publications and lists publishers and independent journals that meet those criteria.Newer scholars from developing countries are said to be especially at risk of becoming the victim of these practices.

Beall’s List of Predatory Publishers 2016

Beall’s List of predatory scholarly open-access journals


Going Global 2017 London

Published in Events décembre 18 2016 0 Tagged under

Global cities: connecting talent, driving change

We live in an era characterized by both globalisation and urbanisation with more than half of the world’s people living in cities and towns. Universities and colleges are the global connectors among the world’s fast-evolving knowledge economies and cities are the beating hearts of innovation. This urban-global age provides tertiary education institutions with unprecedented opportunities to mobilise their expertise, prepare young people for the future and drive forward research and policy agendas at the city, national and global levels. Yet the urban-global age also poses challenges for universities and colleges and the cities and towns of which they are a part, not least because of the changing nature and locations of tertiary education delivery.

Going Global 2017 explores how universities and colleges support city-regional economies and social and civic engagement, connecting the world's cities to global knowledge and talent and addressing global challenges.

WE EXAMINE THIS THROUGH FOUR LENSES:

  • Research and innovation
  • Talent development and flows
  • Societies and communities
  • Leadership

Read the full description of Going Global 2017 conference themes


The Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) is pleased to invite you to join us for the inaugural AMP 2017 Global Congress on Molecular Pathology: Diagnostic Technologies and Clinical Applications, in Berlin, Germany, April 3-5, 2017. A multi-disciplinary scientific program showcases molecular technology with clinical applications in oncology (solid tumors, hematopathology), genetics (congenital, heritable), and infectious diseases. Importantly, there is an emphasis on modern, user-friendly laboratory analytics supported by informatics tools to facilitate interpretation of actionable genomic test results. The Global Congress brings together a network of molecular professionals and representatives of the diagnostics industry to educate healthcare practitioners and to advance the value of molecular laboratories in providing high quality patient care around the world.

AMP is the premier organization representing the field of molecular diagnostics worldwide. AMP members can be found in 43 countries and are dedicated to advancing molecular medicine around the world.

Target Audience:

  • Lab Professionals (Directors, Researchers, Supervisors, Managers)

  • Clinicians (Oncologists, Geneticists, Infectious Disease and Primary Care Physicians)

  • Molecular/Medical Technologists and Doctoral Trainees

  • Pathologists

News:

We are now accepting abstract submissions for the AMP GLOBAL 2017 Meeting!  

Important Deadlines:

Abstract Submission Deadline: November 30, 2016

Early Bird Registration: January 24, 2017

Advanced Registration: February 28, 2017

Congress Opening: April 3, 2017

Onsite registration is based on availability.


Peace Revolution’s MENA Salam Fellowship will bring together 30 young entrepreneurs from the MENA region on a 5-day inner peace journey in Tunisia while living in an inspiring calm nature.

Are you a young entrepreneur striving to create a better world through your impact?Join the 4th MENA Salam Fellowship where you will learn how to turn your failures into successes and how to eliminate the excess baggage in your life. We can then move forward together and work towards empowering ourselves, our circles, our region and all around the world. Let’s start the change!

This is your opportunity to join Peace Revolution, so that you can start connecting to your inner true self and create the potential for social transformation around you! Assemble with the creative powers of youth! Join us in Tunisia, 27-31 March 2017.

More information: https://goo.gl/ivHJZk
Application form: https://goo.gl/C4jqma


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